Muscovy duck inbreeding

Muscovy ducks are often a top choice for many first-time duck owners as they are a well-known breed. They were among the first ducks that we kept here on our homestead.

In fact, some would argue that they are not ducks at all! Their behaviour, egg incubation time, and feeding patterns are closer to most geese. Some Muscovy owners might not know the true numbers of raising these birds, or how to utilize them to the fullest advantage. The internet is a wonderful resource. It is easy to get attached to a particular bird or breed of animal in the homesteading world because we all love our animals. So what is the good, the bad, and the ugly?

They lay a dismally low eggs per year under ideal laying conditions which includes proper lighting, facilities, routine, and happy ducks. Khaki campbell, buff, white layers, and many other layer breeds will lay well over eggs each year.

The only good thing about Muscovies as layers is that their eggs are larger than the average duck eggs — possibly because the Muscovy itself can be quite a bit larger than the size of the average laying duck. Regardless, when you take into consideration how much feed it takes to get each egg it is impossible to call these birds good layers. Muscovies grow really, really slowly when compared to the average meat or even laying duck, although some prefer the distinct quality of their meat.

Most meat ducks, such as Peking, will grow to a harvestable weight in 7 Weeks. Harvestable weight for a Muscovy is usually around 20 weeks. To put it simply, Muscovies eat too much. They seem to eat constantly and vastly out eat any other duck breed I have owned.

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This makes the few eggs they lay even more food intensive. It also means having to spend much more on food while growing ducklings to butcher weight. One of a Muscovies favourite meals is actually mosquitoes and their larva.

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Full grown Muscovies have also been known to eat mice they catch. Now eating mice and mosquitoes sounds like the best thing ever, which I agree with! See 10 Real Benefits of Muscovy Ducks for more on this.I myself have 9 ducks. But none of the females will sit on them. However, my grandparents recently got 12 ducks and have 3 females sitting on eggs and have 18 eggs in an incubator. My grandparents will prob keep about 5 ducklings or so and will give the rest to us we live on 10acres with a huge pond!

Once the ducklings are large enough to not be under a heat lamp, they will be released outside. As you have drakes of two different breeds, and intend to run them all together to end up with a flock of crossbreds, you don't need to worry about inbreeding for several years.

I suggest you kill and eat the crossbred drakes bred over the coming years mmmm roast duck! Of the two breeds you have at present, my choice would be the Magpies, although be aware that by no means all the youngsters bred have the perfect pattern, so it could work well to have some selected pens of your best Magpies, and run the not so well marked ones with your general crossbred flock.

It is okay for the ducks to inbreed for a few generations, but make sure to throw in some new blood to the group and you shouldn't have a problem. Answer Save. Favorite Answer. Mo0st likely not but on the other hand they also may be infertile. Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.Forums New posts Search forums. Articles New articles New comments Series Search articles. Reviews New items New comments Latest reviews Search showcase.

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Thread starter Feather Hearts Start date Jan 19, Tags dead in shell duckling death ducklings inbreeding muscovy. Feather Hearts Crowing. Oct 4, 1, 2, with my birds. I have a huge colony of ducks.

There are Muscovies in it. Five to be exact, four males and one female. However, they are all related. Gen 1 was two ducks from different sources. My mum's friend had found two ducks wandering outside her house, one a muscovy girl and the other a silver appleyard boy. Mum said she wouldn't take them, but managed to convince her. The muscovy was tame, and if you sat down and reached out to her, or called her name then she would come.

With plenty of girl ducks of his own breed, the drake and Esmerelda as we called the scovy grew apart. A friend then offered for us to take one of her hefty meat muscovies, my mum agreed as she loves muscovies and wanted a friend for Essie So we bought home a huge grey muscovy male. The two bonded, and were soon inseparable.Muscovy Ducks are a wild tropical duck species native to Mexico as well as Central and South Americas.

They were domesticated by the natives in these areas a long time ago. The ducks later established themselves in various parts of North America including the United States. They are often bred as domestic ducks in different regions of their distribution range.

Muscovy Duck. They have an interesting appearance with certain characteristic features differentiating the male and the female ducks.

Muscovy Duck: Eggs, Facts, Care Guide and More…

Size: Domesticated Muscovy drakes grow around 34 inches 86 cm in length while domesticated females grow no more than 25 inches 64 cm in length. The wild Muscovy, which is the predecessor of the domesticated species, is usually 26 inches to 33 inches 66 cm to 84 cm long.

muscovy duck inbreeding

Weight: The males generally weigh somewhere between 10 lbs and 15 lbs 4. The hens are much lighter with their average weight ranging from 6 lbs to 7. Wild ducks can weight anywhere from 2. Wingspan: The wingspan of the wild species ranges between 54 inches and 64 inches cm and cm.

Color: The wild Muscovy species is blackish in color with distinct white patches on the wing. The face is dark red or blackish with yellowish brown eyes and a black bill marked with pale pink spots.

muscovy duck inbreeding

The legs and feet are black in color. The juvenile bird has a duller coloration with or without the white markings on the wings. The domesticated breeds often vary in coloration from one another. Most are black and white or dark brown in color, especially around the head and neck.

Other colors including pale white and lavender are also found. Both the male and the female have red or red-black face. Head: The wild drakes have a short crest on their napes. The domestic males have a dark red or blackish knob at the base of their bills while the females have feathered face. The prominent knob on the head is absent in females which is one of the main differences between males and females.

Their distribution range extends from the western parts of Andes to Ecuador in south and the eastern Andes to the northern parts of Argentina and Uruguay. The feral populations have also established in some European countries as well as New Zealand. Muscovy ducks prefer watery habitats with dense vegetation and large trees, like rivers, brackish coastal wetlands, ponds and wooded swamps. Escaped domestic birds are often seen in various parks across America.

Most populations are non-migratory or irregular migrants without any established migration patterns. The birds may migrate to avoid dry weathers with fluctuating water conditions. The diet of these omnivorous birds includes small fishes, crustaceans, termites, millipedes and even small reptiles. They also eat various plant materials like tree roots, leaves, stem as well as terrestrial and aquatic plant seeds including agricultural crops.

Domestic ducks are often preyed on by various carnivorous mammals like dogs, foxes, raccoons, opossums, minks and skunks. Other predators include various birds of prey such as herons and owls as well as large reptiles. Mating begins in early August and continues through May with the exact breeding season varying depending on the range and population.

They become sexually mature at one year of age. Unlike many other duck species, the drakes do not take part in any dancing rituals to impress the hens. They often fight with each other to earn the right to mate with a female. Mating can take place either on land or in water. This species can breed up to 3 times each year. One male may mate with many females.But on our homestead, these are the only ducks we want to keep because they have won our hearts with both their utility and downright personable natures.

If you are willing to look past a warty face or two, you may find that these ducks are a wonderful fit for your property as well. Muscovy ducks are a large breed of waterfowl. With their bright red face mask, they stand out from other domesticated ducks almost immediately.

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Males will often sport what some would call a hideous array of caruncles around their bills, eyes, and even extending down their necks. I think of them as endearingly ugly. Females are usually a lot more subdued with what looks more like a masquerade mask encircling their eyes.

They can come in a wonderfully wide range of colors, like iridescent brown, soft fawn, white, lilac gray, and any color in between. Both sexes can raise an unexpected crest of feathers anytime they are excited by something. Mature males are huge, usually reaching around 10 to 15 pounds, and as a result, are typically unable to fly. Females are usually half that size at a more petite 5 to 6 pounds and can take to the air as easily as a wild duck.

Related Post: Raising Cayuga Ducks. They also have a back claw on their webbed feet — a unique feature, in the duck world — that allows them to perch on branches and anything else they are so inclined like a chicken. This is something important to keep in mind when handling Muscovy ducks. If they are tame and familiar with you, gently scooping them up around the belly and pinning their wings is no problem. Another distinguishing feature with this breed is the sounds they make … or rather, the lack thereof.

Females usually make a quiet, musical trill when walking about. When broody, they peep and chirp. The males make somewhat bizarre, heavy-breathing, huffy sounds. Technically, not really. Their scientific name should tip you off. Muscovies are derived from Cairina moschataa South American native bird, whereas all other ducks are bred from Anas platyrhynchosthe mallard duck with the contested exemption of the Cayuga which may have some black duck origins.

Some think they are actually closer in character to a goose than a duck. You can think of it this way: Muscovies are to ducks as donkeys are to horses.

"No Messy Ducks!" - How to Raise CLEAN Ducks

Related Post: Raising Pekin Ducks. The mule ducks or mulards, are often used for meat production as they grow quickly and robustly.

Before you bring your first batch of peeping Muscovy ducklings home, you need to prepare for them. No animal should ever be an impulse buy! Always take the time to set up what they need before you take responsibility for their lives. When you do make your purchase, be sure to get more than one bird as they are social animals and most content with friends.

I recommend getting at least six, just in case you lose a few. A trio or quad of one male to several females is ideal for the small backyard starter flock.The Happy Chicken Coop. This unusual looking duck has been kept for hundreds of years and is a staple, for many indigenous peoples of South America adding eggs and meat to their diet.

Prior to the arrival of Columbus a domesticated variety of Muscovy was bred and farmed by the indigenous people of the area. When the Spanish discovered the duck they named the wild Muscovy pato real and the domestic Muscovy pato criollo.

The Muscovy duck was mentioned in the writings of Ulisse Aldrovandi but was not scientifically described and cataloged until by Carl Linnaeus. They are close to ducks but not really family members. The Muscovy is the only duck that is not bred from Mallard stock. If you were to breed a Muscovy with a Pekin for instance, the offspring would be a sterile Mulard. In fact some people do and use the Mulard as meat birds. It is probably as near to the goose family as it is to ducks, it certainly grazes like a goose.

The Muscovy is a large duck and can have a wingspan of up to 64 inches. It is also a heavy breed and can weigh up to 15lbs; although the girls are slightly lighter at lbs. As the males are so heavy they can struggle to fly, but the females are able flyers and you will need to clip their wings to prevent them escaping.

muscovy duck inbreeding

It has a broad, long body males around 30 inches and a wide, flat tail. Colors are usually black and white but there can be many variations: blue, black, chocolate, pied white with any colorgreen, white, lavender, bronze, barred and rippled. The black feathers of the male are iridescent in sunlight but the female coloration is more muted and drab in order to provide camouflage when nest sitting.

The head is very unique.

33 Muscovy Duck Facts: Red-Faced Musky Duck-Goose

The caruncles are larger and more colorful on the male. On the top of the head there is a crest of erectile feathers which the bird will raise if excited or nervous — the crest is larger in the males.

The crest will be raised by the males in courtship to attract a mate. The eyes have a nictitating membrane that allows them to see underwater. The bill is flat and can be yellow, pink, black or any combination. The feet and legs are black in color. Muscovies love a habitat of dense vegetation, large old trees and water of course! Wetlands, riparian areas or even the local golf course pond will attract them as long as there is some dense vegetation to hide in.

They are omnivorous foragers, eating a variety of plant material, leaves, roots and shoots along with small fish, crustaceans, small reptiles and millipedes. They also enjoy mealworms and cracked corn as treats along with fresh greens and scratch among other things.

Breed Profile: Muscovy Duck

You can learn more here. The Muscovy lays large white eggs per year a low number for ducks. Males reach sexual maturity in 29 weeks and the female matures in 28 weeks. The mating season of the Muscovy can last from August to May. This can vary by climate and the females can have three to four broods per year as long as she has sufficient protein in her diet. Males have been known to fight each other for mating opportunities with the females.To browse Academia.

Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Ari Maikano. Between andfive focal points were identified and data was collected. Total breeding population N for each of the studied population varied for every year and no significant increase was noticed except for Mararaba population. The inbreeding rate in each population was consistent yearly except for one population Mararaba. Maximizing effective population size was identified as an effective way to control inbreeding rate and depression.

In recent zygotic frequencies, as low heterozygote years, a number of studies on inbreeding frequecies in poultry species could lower effects in livestock and poultry populations their gene pool. Because of comparative have been carried out Klemetsdal, ; advantage of other poultry birds such as Thompson et al. The Adogi product normally sterile. The availability of the birds in these communities where muscovy duck are localities can be influenced by same reared, Mararaba, Adogi, Ashige, Gidan factors, farming activitiesinterest and maiakuya and Shabu, all in Lafia local inheritance.

Effective population size Ne government area of Nasarawa State, represents the number of individuals of an Nigeria. The state lies within the North equivalent idealized population that would Central zone of Nigeria, extending from give rise to the rate of inbreeding or the rate approximately 80 to 90 N and 4 to 7.

The zone lies in a low land area considration Wright, This is an in terms of topography within the guinea important research topics in population savannah agro-ecological zone of the genetics given its usefulness as a measure country. The study was carried out of long —term performance of the between July and October of each year population regarding both diversity and during breeding season. At each contact inbreeding Fernandez et al.

The effective population size of the muscovy duck in these populations The population size Ne is the may likely be higher considering the male number of individuals from a population to female ratio similar to what Laviviere randomly selected and randomly mated reported on Belgian waterfowl.

Where Nf is the number of breeding ducks, Nm is the number of breeding drakes.

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